Cardiac arrest also known as cardiopulmonary arrest or circulatory arrest is defined as the termination of normal circulation of the blood. This is generally caused by the failure of the heart to efficiently contract. This can be caused by several different factors. Some can be trauma and any medical related issue, some causes can be genetics. Cardiac arrest is sometimes confused with a heart attack. A heart attack can be a cause of cardiac arrest. Just remember that cardiac arrest pertains to the electrical system of the body and a heart attack is mainly dealing with the mechanical aspects of the body.
What makes cardiac arrest so dangerous is that all of the blood supply to your organs and tissues of the body are cut off. Organs and tissue begin to die after a certain length of time without oxygen. And being that blood flow is the transportation for oxygen, it will not reach the designated areas unless something is done to correct the cardiac arrest, such as CPR (Cardio pulmonary recessitation). After four minutes the brain tissues start to die, so time is of the essence. Even if the heart starts pumping again, there is a chance that the person may have suffered a type of permanent brain damage.
Cardiac arrest sometimes will give warning signs that it is coming on, such as changes in breathing, lack of circulation, and becoming unconscious. Of course these can all be symptoms of other conditions as well. This is why it is important to seek medical attention whenever any sign or symptom arises. With quick actions a cardiac arrest can at time be irreversible. With no intervention at all death is almost a certainty.
Prevention of a cardiac arrest is not always possible. However there are steps you can take that will help to decrease the risk of cardiac arrest. Such things as lifestyle changes as in changing your diet, exercise regularly, and stop smoking. Other methods can be blood pressure control, lowering your cholesterol, and certain medications prescribed by your doctor. By applying these methods you are not guaranteed not to go into cardiac arrest but however you are less susceptible than those not adhering to these prevention methods.
After a person suffers a cardiac arrest, they may be changed forever. In that of some sort of long term complication as a result of a lengthy time with no oxygen. Medications may be prescribed by a doctor to take for a certain length of time or even a life time. Whatever measures are taken to live a normal life after a cardiac arrest, it is very important to keep regular check ups with your doctor and make the much needed lifestyle changes.