Asthma is defined as the narrowing and swelling of the bronchioles (airways). It is a common disease among Americans affecting approximately 6 million. Asthma is a reversible obstruction that is caused by smooth muscle spasm, mucus production and edema. Asthma impacts people of all ages.
Signs and symptoms of asthma include; wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness. It is usually worse at night. Asthma can usually be triggered by exercise or any exertion and cold air. It also occurs with certain triggers such as allergens. Symptoms worsen with viral infection, Animals with fur or hair, House-dust mites (in mattresses, pillows, upholstered furniture, and carpets), Mold, Smoke (tobacco, wood), Pollen Changes in weather, emotional expression (laughing or crying hard), airborne chemicals or dusts, and menstrual cycles. Asthma symptoms can be classified as mild intermittent, where symptoms occur more than twice a week or less and are very brief. Mild persistent, where symptoms occur more than twice a week and more than twice a month. Moderate persistent, which symptoms occur Dailey and severe persistent, where symptoms occur continually throughout the day.
Detecting asthma early is very important in the treatment and proper management. In some cases the earlier asthma is detected the better off a person would be in the long run. They have a lesser risk of asthma getting permanently worse with early detection in some cases.
Asthma cannot be cured at this time, however it can be adequately managed through taking your proper medications, avoiding the trigger mechanisms as much as you can and listening to your doctor and following through with his/her recommendations. People live with asthma on a daily basis. It will take some adjustment to your life style, but it is well worth it.
Some control methods for asthma are an inhaler and or a nebulizer. A severe asthma attack should be treated right away. All patients that have asthma should know how to monitor their symptoms and know when it is getting worse or better and what triggers set it off. A patient can have a written plan of what to do should they have an asthma attack. Also parents of children should know everything about their child’s asthma and triggers so they can stay clear of those as much as possible. A good education on your medical condition is a must, because ultimately you are the one who is going to be dealing g with the situation or have to one day instruct someone on what to do in order to save your or someone else’s life.